UKSN Bushcraft Basics: Natural Shelter Materials
When you're out in the wilderness, knowing how to utilise natural materials for shelter construction is an essential bushcraft skill. Nature provides a wealth of resources that can be used to create effective and comfortable shelters.
Here are some common natural shelter materials and how to use them:
Branches and Logs:
Branches and logs are versatile materials for building the framework of your shelter. Look for sturdy, straight branches for the main structure and use smaller branches for crossbeams and support. Logs can be used as baseboards or pillars to elevate your shelter off the ground.
Leaves and Foliage:
Leaves and foliage can provide excellent insulation and help create a waterproof layer for your shelter. Use large leaves, such as those from broadleaf trees, to create a thatch-like covering over your roof. Pack them densely to prevent rainwater from seeping through.
Bark and Tree Trunks:
Bark can serve as a durable and weather-resistant material for your shelter. Strips of bark can be used to create shingles or siding for added protection against the elements. Tree trunks can also be used as support poles or walls if available.
Moss and Lichen:
Moss and lichen can be used as natural sealants and insulators. They can be placed between gaps in your shelter structure or used to line the interior walls, providing an additional layer of warmth and moisture resistance.
Rocks and Stones:
Rocks and stones can be utilised for building the foundation of your shelter, as well as for retaining walls or fireplaces. They can provide stability and heat retention in cold environments. Ensure that the rocks are stable and secure before incorporating them into your shelter.
Reed and Grasses:
In wetland or marshy areas, reeds and grasses can be used to create thatched roofs or walls. They can provide excellent waterproofing and insulation properties. Bundle them tightly and secure them to the shelter frame for optimal effectiveness.
Always prioritise sustainability and respect for the environment when collecting natural materials. Avoid damaging live trees or plants and gather fallen or dead materials whenever possible. Be mindful of local regulations and restrictions regarding the collection of natural resources.
What are your favourite natural shelter materials or tips for utilising them? Share your insights and experiences with the community!